Appropriate exercise for patients with heart disease

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  • Brisk walking – is generally a safe way to exercise for patients with heart condition. It is low impact, requires minimal equipment, can be done at any time of day and can be performed at your own pace. Keep a moderately intense pace. Your heart rate should be 60-70% of maximum heart rate (maximum heart rate = 220 – age (years)). Patients should get 30 minutes of exercise a day, five days a week.
  • Running – has positive influence on the heart and takes less time than walking. Running enables the body to use the oxygen to the maximum and the heart to work more efficiently, pumping more blood with every beat. Moreover, it can also reduce stress and improve sleep.
  • Swimming – improves heart and lung capacity, but is gentle on your joints. It can improve cardiovascular fitness as well as muscle strength. As swimming places less demand on the heart than running and other sports, you will not get too tired.
  • Tai chi – is a slow and gentle exercise and does not leave you breathless, so it is an appropriate exercise for patients with heart conditions. It addresses the key components of fitness – muscle strength, flexibility, and balance. It helps improve circulation and reduce fall risk.

Being active when you have heart disease is important. The most important thing to remember is that the patient must know the limits. It is important that you pay attention to warning signs – chest pain, dizziness, or shortness of breath. Stop what you are doing and consult a doctor right away.

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