MAGEC: An Effective Spinal Surgery To Treat Spinal Scoliosis In Children.

Idiopathic Scoliosis | Boston Children's HospitalScoliosis is defined as a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. However, scoliosis can actually happen in all age groups. Several risk factors are involved such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy. Particularly in children with spinal stenosis, effective treatment must be urgently provided. If this condition is left untreated, it eventually leads to an increased severity that largely impacts daily life and activities. Not only to enhance the mobility but appropriate treatment also improves patient’s quality of life. The advancements of spinal surgery, MAGEC; a magnetic expansion control system with a growing rod is considered as innovatively effective procedure to treat children with spinal scoliosis.

Spinal Scoliosis In Children

In general, spinal scoliosis has been mostly found in girls rather boys, with a ratio 8:1. Additionally, girls have a much higher risk of the curve worsening and requiring treatments. If spinal scoliosis is left untreated, it eventually shortens heights and impairs self-conscious about appearance. In severe cases, serious complications are heart and lung damages. In addition, the rib cage may press against the lungs and heart, resulting in breathing difficulties and weakness. Fatal conditions such as acute heart failure are possible.

sideways curvature of the spine of Signs And Symptoms

Symptoms of spinal scoliosis may vary depending on disease severity and individual conditions of each patient. In its early stage, symptoms may be absent. Noticeable signs and symptoms include:

  • Walking with imbalance posture
  • Uneven shoulders
  • One shoulder blade that appears more prominent than the other

3D-Spinal Surgery In Children With Spinal Scoliosis

Wearing braces can prevent further progression of the curve. However, this treatment option requires  frequent hospital visits (every 2-3 months) for brace adjustment. In addition, it is strictly recommended to continually wear at least 16 hours per day which might affect daily life and some activities of children. Thus, spinal surgery at proper time when children are suitable candidates for surgery is considered as one of the effective choices to treat spinal scoliosis in which braces might not be necessarily needed.

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